Giovio Globe Mercator Globe

As noted earlier, the treatment of the coastline of North America is almost identical on the Mercator Globe and the Giovio Globe.  The one notable exception occurs at about 44 degrees north latitude (present day Cape Cod?), where a river, unnamed by Mercator, is lengthened considerably to reach some newly deliniated mountains. This newly lengthened river is newly christened (upside down!) P. et R. S. Anna (Partially illegible on the Giovio Globe, but easily read on the Rome Globe).  On Gastaldi’s 1561 world map, a similar P e R de S. Anna and a large bay are found at about 35 degrees N latitude.  In the Forlani/Camicio maps that follow Gastaldi 1561 map, a similar large bay is found between 40 and 43 degrees N latitude. The Sanuto gores of 1574 show a similarly named P. e R. de S Anna. In many contemporary maps of this era (see, for instance, John Bellere's 1554 map of the New World from Gomara's Mexico), a river labeled R. d. buena madre, clearly a reference to S. Anna, can be seen.

In this same area, on the Giovio Globe, the bay (Baia Hondia or Deep Bay) at the mouth of the river has been reworked to a larger size, almost certainly in manuscript, possibly in a later repair. The Rome globe shows no such alteration.

Mention should also be made of the Giovio Globe’s treatment of Newfoundland and the mouth of the St. Lawrence River.  First, the Giovio Globe accepts the Mercator Globe’s fragmentation of Newfoundlant (Insula Cortereales), a fragmentation not present in Mercator’s 1538 World Map or Gemma Frisius’s 1537 globe.  More interestingly, as with  the Mercator globe, the Giovio Globe shows little evidence of Cartier’s discoveries of 1534 to 1542.    True, the Giovio Globe enlarges Mercator’s R. Compredo, but the enlarged river simply matches that on Vopel’s 1546 world map.  Some evidence of Cartier’s voyages, perhaps, may be seenn Gastaldi’s map of New France that was first printed in Ramusio’s 1556 Raccoltab, but it is Gastaldi’s world map of 1561 that clearly records the results of the Cartier voyages.  The lack of any clear indication of Cartier’s voyages on the Giovio Globe adds support for the view that the globe predated the Gastaldi World Map of 1561.  Reinforcing that view is the Giovio Globe’s lack of legends and vignettes in eastern North America, despite both the presence of several such items in Gastaldi’s great world map and the clear horror vacui of the maker of the Giovio Globe.